Merino Benefits




Merino Attributes

  • Comfort both in cold and heat
  • Odour resistant
  • Fire safe
  • Soft touch, even next to skin
  • Natural and sustainable life cycle, and rapid biodegradation at end of life.
  • Machine Washable 
Temperature Controlling

The chemical structure of Merino fibre means that it has the ability to gain and release heat depending on the external and internal environment – thus buffering wearers against environmental changes – properties that are not shared by synthetic fibres such as nylon and polyester.
As it absorbs moisture, Merino fibre releases a small, but perceptible amount of heat. In an apparel or hosiery application, this prevents the wearer from chilling in wet, cool conditions. In hot conditions the reverse effect occurs, affording a natural means of buffering the body’s microclimate.

Machine Washability

All our pure Merino qualities and Merino blends that are Total Easy Care treated can easily be washed at 40° Celsius and even tumble dried. The highly developed treatment does not damage the wool’s surface and Merino’s remarkable soft touch remains.

Odour Free

Body odour arises as a by-product of bacteria, which proliferate in warm moisture environments for example, when sweat is allowed to remain on the skin for an extended period of time. Merino fibre, through its complex chemical and physical structure, resists the development and proliferation of odour.
Odour molecules are absorbed into merino fibre, effectively becoming trapped and less readily detected by the human nose. Odour molecules trapped within the fibre can then be removed during laundering.
The internal chemistry of merino fibre binds acidic, basic and sulphurous molecules, which are significant components of body odour, making them difficult to detect by the human nose.

Moisture Management

Merino fibre has a hydrophobic (water repelling) exterior and hydrophilic (water loving) interior, which provide outstanding moisture management capabilities.
Merino fibre, by absorbing water vapour from the skin surface and allowing effective evaporative cooling of the skin to occur, assists with maintaining a healthy core body temperature.
Merino fibre also has the capacity to absorb large amounts (up to 35% of its own weight) of moisture before the fibre even begins to feel wet.
Merino’s chemical structure means that it has the ability to actively absorb and desorb moisture, and gain and release heat, depending on the external and internal environment, thus buffering a wearer against environmental changes.

Flame Retardance

Merino is naturally flame resistant, and its performance exceeds that of all other commonly encountered textile fibres.
Merino has a low heat of combustion and a low rate of heat release.
If Merino comes into direct contact with another burning surface, it won’t melt or stick.
Merino is self extinguishing once the initial ignition source is removed.
Merino forms an insulating char when it burns and evolves less smoke and toxic gases than formed during combustion of most synthetic fibres

Softness
  • Fabric induced prickle is caused by the mechanical stimulation of superficial skin pain receptors by fibre ends on the fabric.
  • Prickle is not wool-specific and can be caused by coarse synthetic fibres
  • Merino fibres typically used in next-to-skin apparel are around 17 to 23 micrometers in diameter and do not stimulate the skin nerve receptors in the same way as coarser fibres.
  • Merino fibres are so fine that when pressed against the skin they simply bend, meaning there is no sensation of prickle, only softness.
  • Knitted fabric, which is the primary construction method used in next-to-skin merino apparel, has been shown to have a much higher comfort factor associated with it than woven fabric constructed from fibres of the same diameter.
Sustainability
  • Merino is a robust textile fibre and is not susceptible to either bacterial or fungal attack under normal conditions of use.
  • In contrast to synthetic fibres however, microbial decomposition can be induced in merino if so desired – affording a means of closed loop recycling.
  • Under the right conditions merino will readily biodegrade when buried in soil.
  • Synthetic materials will not readily biodegrade and can remain in the environment for many years.